Microsoft Windows Server 2008 is a server that uses the kernel that belongs to Windows 7 and it is a server version of it. This Windows was the first that was released only in the 64-bit version and then later version was supposed to be released in the same manner. During the first months of the year 2011, Microsoft released its first service pack for Windows and after that, it is being updated online. Some of the upgrades include
Federation Services and Active Directory Rights Management Services.
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Great Features
The Microsoft Windows Server has the following features:
It includes the latest updates that are provided by Microsoft.
There are no changes to the content and the setting of Windows.
In the windows registry, there are no manipulations.
Provides the ability to activate or deactivate the installations.
Uses the ESD format instead of the WIM for Windows Install file just to reduce the size.
Toolkit to repair and restore windows problems.
Server Core is a minimal server for installation for the Windows Server 2008 R2. This server provides a low- maintenance server environment that has a limited functionality.
Server Core is capable of some great roles and the minimal nature of this server creates some limitations such as:
There is limited code support for managing in the Server Core.
Has limited MSI support.
And there is no sell for windows and has limited GUI functionality.
Server core has been designed to be used by the network and developers of the file service infrastructure, server management tools, and IT Planners.
Active Directory Domain was renamed as Active Directory Domain Services as it was kept from the Windows Servers 2003. The process of the installation of the Active Directory on the Windows Server 2008 is very simple, but some beginners and even IT professionals that never had the chance to use the AD installations may face difficulties.
Here is a list of what you should have for the installation of the Active Directory.
Enough free space with NTFS partition.
A username and password of the administrator.
The correct version of the operating system.
A name for the domain that you want to use.
A DNS server that is operational.
A proper configured TCP IP.
And a network connection to be used.
Hyper-V is mainly used within the server to manage Virtual Machines. Hyper –V server which is a standalone product, only includes the roles which are related to virtualization. Hyper-V is free. The new improvement of the Hyper-V 2019 got some new features and improvements but still, there are some old add-ons for the Windows Server such as the Windows Admin Center and some other apps that are compatible to stay consistent with the existing Microsoft Console. Some users complained about the Hyper-V being dead and that Microsoft didn’t care much about this release. It was a false statement and Microsoft has been changing and adapting to the changes for betterment.
Disk Control and Document Storage:
Disk control and management as well as document storage provide many ways to manage and handle the existing partitions and drives. Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 provides some other utilities to carry out some tasks such as converting a volume to NTFS and checking the drive for the errors. Cleaning up unused disk spaces is another common task that can be carried out.
Windows System Resource Manager:
Windows System Resource Management can be used to allocate processor and memory resources to its users, applications, and Internet Information Services. Just because the Windows Server 2008 R2 is designed in a way to give as many resources as it can to non-operating system tasks, a server that runs on a single role does not require resource management.
A failover cluster is a bunch of independent computers that work together just to increase the availability of the applications as well as services such as the or the print server service and file server service.
Protocol and Cryptography:
Protocols and Cryptography such as Kerberos authentication protocol, Safe Socket Tunneling protocol, Server Message Block,2.0 protocol, and the new cryptography and the administration of the certificates are available and are some of the types of protocols that help in better protection and use of authentication and high-latency connection.
The desktop experience provides the same Windows Aero user interface just like the Windows Vista.
As announced by Microsoft, the server 2008 R2 will be the last version of Windows that supports the Itanium architecture.
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